Transportation of dangerous goods
Transportation of dangerous goods of any volume within Russia and international with customs clearance both for export from Russia and across Russia and import clearance and delivery.
There are a number of important points to consider when transporting dangerous goods. Any movement should not harm humans and the environment, therefore, increased requirements are imposed on the vehicle and the conditions of the cargo being transported. They are governed by international agreements and rules, as well as by the legislation of each individual state.
What kind of cargo is considered dangerous
All substances and materials that can harm human life and health, the environment and material values are considered dangerous goods. They are divided into 9 categories, each of which has its own label. During transportation, the marking must be indicated on the packaging and in the documents. There are also rules that govern the method of transportation, storage and packaging of dangerous goods. They must be taken into account during transportation.
The category under consideration includes explosive, radioactive and poisonous substances, flammable gases, liquid fuel, toxic and infectious substances.
How transportation rules are taken into account
They are primarily established at the international level and are mandatory for all participants in transportation, regardless of the origin of the cargo. These rules are spelled out in the UN Orange Book, the Basel Convention and other documents. It is also important to take into account the legislation of those countries that are crossed by vehicles with dangerous goods.
Legal regulations primarily establish the requirements for packaging and positioning of goods in transport. It is also necessary to properly secure it both during transportation and during loading and unloading operations. Containers and containers must be marked with a hazard class.
In addition to the peculiarities of the transportation of dangerous goods, you should also correctly draw up the accompanying documents. An error or absence of one of them entails a delay in transportation, which poses a threat of disaster (leakage, explosion).
It is very difficult to take into account all the rules and requirements of the legislation, therefore, when transporting dangerous goods, you should contact a specialized company. Here they will be able to organize the transportation process as soon as possible, take responsibility for the registration and escort of the cargo.
How to choose transport for transportation
An important point when transporting dangerous goods is the choice of transport. It is selected based on the marking of the cargo, the place of its delivery and the speed of transportation. Transportation requirements are also regulated based on the mode of transport.
All types of delivery are available for dangerous goods – railroad, air transportation, road transport, water.
The railway provides a high level of safety. You can carry out the transportation of a large consignment. But there is a drawback – a low speed.
You can quickly deliver the goods by road, but it does not allow transporting large volumes. Road transport is used when you need to deliver a small batch at a short distance.
Air transport can deliver cargo even faster than a car. At cost, it is the most expensive. It is chosen when delivery is needed over long distances and between continents. There are volume restrictions.
Sea transport will also provide transport between continents, but this is the longest delivery method. But sea vessels are capable of accommodating large consignments of cargo.
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